- Leukaemia is mostly referred to as "cancer of the blood"
- Super Eagles goalkeeper Carl Ikeme has been diagnosed of the severe illness
- NAIJ.com takes a look at six essential facts about the disease everyone must be aware of
Leukaemia is a progressive disease in which the bone marrow and other blood-forming organs produce increased numbers that damage the immune system.
NAIJ.com earlier reported the Nigerian Super Eagles goalkeeper was diagnosed of the severe illness shortly after a blood test following his return to his club Wolverhampton Wanderers for pre-season training.
Here are 6 must-know facts of the terminal illness
1. There are four major types of leukaemia
There are four major types; Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML), Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML), Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL) and Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL).
Although Wolverhampton Wanderers did not state the exact type of leukaemia the Nigerian international was diagnosed with, NAIJ.com understands that it is either AML or ALL.
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2. Symptoms of Leukemia
This is the type of sickness that is to be treated immediately it is diagnosed. Some of the symptoms of the illness are fever, chills, night sweats, weakness and fatigue, swollen or bleeding gums, headaches, enlarged liver and spleen, swollen tonsils, bone pain, paleness and weight loss.
3. Age can be a risk factor
While leukaemia tend to attack adults from the age of 55, NAIJ.com understands that the sickness is mostly common in children under 15.
4. If diagnosed of leukaemia, see a hematologist or oncologist for immediate attention
Leukaemia is severe sickness that should be taken seriously. While AML and ALL need to be treated immediately, an oral treatment for CML and CLL as soon as it is diagnosed is highly effective to live longer.
5. The five-year survival rate for leukemia is improving
NAIJ.com gathered that the illness had at least five-year survival prior to 1960, but the survival rate has increased drastically during the 2004 to 2010 time period.
6. Some types of leukaemia grow faster than others
There are rapid growing forms of leukaemia and there are slow progressing forms of it as well. The rapid growing types include AML and ACL, while the slow progressing form of leukaemia has CML and CLL.
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